2013: Hoard of Gold Coins from Tipperary
Read details of one of the most significant finds of 17th century gold coins ever discovered in Ireland.
The hoard was discovered on 14th January 2013 during groundworks being undertaken at Main Street, Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary.
What does the hoard contain?
The find consists of eighty one gold coins dating to the reigns of Charles II (1660-85), James II (1685-8), William and Mary (1688-94) and William III (1694-1702). The earliest coin in the hoard dates to 1664 and the latest to 1701, so the treasure may therefore have been buried around the year 1701.
The coins appear to consist mainly of guineas and a small number of half guineas. The Guinea was a British gold coin minted by the Royal Mint between 1663 and 1814. ‘Guineas’ were so-called because the gold used in making some of them came from Guinea, West Africa and they were minted in four denominations (a half, one, two, and five).
More details on the hoard's discovery
It appears that the coins were hidden in soil under the floor-boards of a house on the town’s main street and research is being carried out to establish the age of the earliest building on the site.
One of the builders noticed the coins while digging and they are reported to have been “in a line together”. They may have been wrapped and held together by some material in the past though this has not survived.
Shortly afterwards the coins were lodged in Carrick-on-Suir Garda Station, transferred to Clonmel Garda Station and reported to the National Museum of Ireland.
The site has subsequently been investigated by archaeologists from the National Museum of Ireland and the National Monuments Service. The National Museum expresses thanks to the finders for reporting the discovery and to An Garda Síochána for assistance.
Is the Carrick-on-Suir hoard unprecedented?
No comparable 17th century hoard of gold coins has been found in Ireland since the discovery in Portarlington, Co. Laois, around 1947, of a hoard that contained a little over 100 gold coins, as well as some silver coins.
These are on display in the exhibition Airgead: A Thousand Years of Irish Coins & Currency in the National Museum of Ireland – Decorative Arts & History.
Why was the hoard hidden?
The Carrick-on-Suir Hoard probably represents the accumulated wealth of a single family over a number of generations, and was collected in the period following the Cromwellian War down to the end of the decade following the Williamite War.
It is not known why the hoard was hidden but it is possible that its wealthy Catholic owner may have considered it necessary to hide his portable assets in response to the imposition of the Penal Laws. Many other scenarios are possible and further research is being conducted to try to establish the historical background of the hoard.