Work focuses on secular, non-noble society, with particular emphasis on economic and social life. Separate sections deal with the agricultural practices of the countryside and with the life of towns, which became a widespread feature of the Irish landscape for the first time in this period. A large part of the gallery is devoted to the tools and products of medieval crafts and trades, both urban and rural, drawing largely on material that has come to light as a result of recent archaeological excavations. Among the highlights of this gallery are a large metal basin from Geashill, Co. Offaly. Other notable exhibits include: part of one of the earliest spectacle frames in northern Europe; a striking display of medieval pottery; a reconstructed section of a 14th-Century tiled floor; and an inscribed oak beam from a late 16th-Century house in Drogheda, Co. Louth.